Στον σύνδεσμο help.unhcr.org/greece, σύμφωνα με σχετική ανακοίνωση, οι πρόσφυγες και οι αιτούντες άσυλο μπορούν να βρουν ειδικά προσαρμοσμένες και αξιόπιστες πληροφορίες για τη διαδικασία ασύλου στην Ελλάδα, για τα δικαιώματα και τις υποχρεώσεις τους για όσο καιρό θα βρίσκονται στην χώρα, καθώς και για τις διαδικασίες της μετεγκατάστασης, της οικογενειακής επανένωσης και της εθελοντικής επιστροφής. Η πλατφόρμα αποτελεί τμήμα μια διεθνούς πλατφόρμας και συγκεντρώνει επίσης τις υπηρεσίες, όπου μπορεί κάποιος να αναζητήσει βοήθεια στην Ελλάδα και περιέχει διευκρινίσεις για τον ρόλο και τις δράσεις της Ύπατης Αρμοστείας. Οι πληροφορίες είναι διαθέσιμες στα αραβικά, τα αγγλικά, τα φαρσί, τα γαλλικά και τα ελληνικά.
Rights and obligations of asylum seekers
Applying for asylum in Greece is a process that consists of a series of steps. Refer to the Legal Information page on this site. As an asylum seeker you have rights and obligations that are defined below. No matter where you are in the process, you always have the following rights and obligations:
- You have the right to receive information about your asylum application, rights and obligations in a language you understand.
- You have the right to access basic assistance including shelter, food, legal, medical and psycho social assistance.
- You are obliged to cooperate fully with the Greek authorities.
Pre-registration is the first step of registration for asylum in Greece. It happens in person or via Skype. During this process you will be asked for very basic information such as your name, your parents’ names, your date of birth, if you are married, etc. Your photo will also be taken. At the end of this step you will get an asylum seeker card. This card does not cost any money. The asylum seeker card is not a residence permit. It is a temporary permission that allows you to stay in Greece until the Greek State has made a final decision about your request for asylum. As soon as you have your document, you have certain rights and duties:
- You can legally live in Greece until the asylum service has made a final decision on your asylum case. This means you cannot be returned to another country against your will, while you wait for the decision.
- Children can go to school.
- You can move freely within Greece after pre-registration, but you are NOT allowed to go to other European countries.
- The Greek State will provide you with a place to live in a site on the mainland. You will not have to pay any rent there. You cannot choose which site the State offers you. You do not have to live there, if you do not want to.
- You can get access to primary health care, but for some advanced services you may have to pay a minimal fee.
- You do NOT have the right to work in Greece.
- You must respect and follow the law of the country; breaking national laws may result in the suspension of your rights as an asylum seeker.
- You must cooperate with the authorities who are examining your application.
- You must tell the asylum office when your address or phone number changes.
The next step in the process is the complete registration at the Greek Asylum Service. After you have completed your registration you will have access to the following rights:
- You have all the rights and obligations mentioned above.
- You have the right for gainful employment in Greece.
- You have the right to work; if you work, you will have to pay national taxes
After being granted international protection in Greece you will be provided with a Residence Permit that is valid for three years, which may be renewed. You have the right to apply for travel documents. You will have access to work, education, social welfare, medical care. Persons granted refugee status can apply for family reunification under certain criteria. For detailed information for those granted asylum/international protection in Greece, see here: http://asylo.gov.gr/en/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/Rights-of-beneficiaries-of-international-protection-2.2017.jpg
If you are granted refugee status in Greece:
- You have all the rights and duties of an asylum seeker.
- You will receive a residence permit that is valid for three years.
- You can apply for a long-term residency permit or Greek citizenship if you fulfill all conditions.
- You can apply for a travel document that allows you to visit other countries. You cannot move permanently to another European country until you have lived in Greece for at least five years.
- You will have access to a full range of educational services including schools, universities, and vocational training programmes.